Montse AGUER TEIXIDOR
Director of the Dalí Museums
and of the Fundació Gala Salvador Dalí Study Centre
A graduate in Catalan Philology from the Universitat Autónoma de Barcelona and with a PhD in Contemporary Art. She is one of the members of the Institution who knew Salvador Dalí personally.
On 14 May 2012, she was appointed to the Board of Directors of the Museo Reina Sofía de Madrid. Her long experience includes the curatorship of several exhibitions on Salvador Dalí, the direction of the project for the Catalogue Raisonné of Salvador, Dalí’s paintings. She is also the author of several press articles and participates in the realization of exhibition catalogues.
Where lies the originality or strength of this exhibition, compared to those that have already been done on Dalí ?
This exhibition offers a different point of view and perspective to those done so far. Our aim for this exhibition is to focus on painting, on the different movements that nourished Dalí, on the great masters who influenced him and therefore on his very personal technique.
It is Dalí as a painter rather than the person who is at the centre of this exhibition. Dalí manages to conceive an eternal Surrealism that survives through the ages.
Which artistic movements and artists had the strongest influence on Dalí ?
Dalí was influenced by the great masters, as he himself indicates in his treatise on painting: 50 secrets magiques. Vermeer, Raphael, Velasquez, Michelangelo, Picasso; he absorbed tradition and applied his own cosmogony from his earliest works.
The movements that influenced him to range from Impressionism to metaphysical painting, Futurism, Fauvism, Cubism, Abstraction, Hyperrealism, Pop Art… He was in a permanent oscillation between tradition and innovation with the avant-garde present from his first paintings, as in his Self-Portrait with Raphael’s Neck of circa 1921, which presents the portrait of a long-haired, melancholic Dalí painted in the Impressionist manner.
While the title pays tribute to the Italian master, the technique is inspired by modern painting. The landscape around the figure is not clearly depicted, a fact reminiscent of the Impressionist style. On the other hand, the rather vivid and contrasting colours (the predominantly green key of the foreground echoes with the red tones of the background) are a reference to Fauvism. The presence of the artist gauging the spectator in the foreground gives a certain theatricality to the whole. We see that here, the use of colour is directly inspired by two artistic currents whose theories in this respect are very different. Dalí reinterpreted and rehabilitated tradition and at the same time transformed reality in a way that is not what we perceive at first sight, calling upon mystery, magic and revelation. And he speaks to us of invisible and multiple images. The viewer must finish the work with his own interpretation of reality, which is never the result of an initial glance.
Upon leaving the exhibition, will the visitor have discovered an unknown side to Dalí ?
More than an unknown side, we want to present the intimacy of Dalí in his studio to the public: alone, in his intimacy painting for long hours, observing the great masters but also observing the present and his contemporaries. Dalí has managed to integrate scientific innovations into his work to express the complexity of his century.
We want to show a Dalí who was viscerally passionate about painting, a passion he describes in his treatise on painting. A Dalí who begins in the school magazine in his hometown, Figueres, talking about the great masters of painting and who ends up being one of them. A great master who knew how to anticipate the future of art.
For more information:
6 July to 8 September 2019 Opening
Times: Open daily from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m.
Late opening on Thursdays until 10 p.m.
Admission fee: Pre-sale price: € 6 on www.grimaldiforum.com until 30 June 2019
Full price = € 11. Concessionary rates: Groups (+ 10 persons) = € 9 – Students (-25 years of age upon presentation of student card) = € 9 – Senior citizens (+65 years of age) = € 9 – FREE ADMISSION for children under 18 years of age
Guided visits = € 9, every Thursday and Sunday at 2.30 p.m. and 4.30 p.m. subject to availability (maximum 25 persons).
Concessionary rate available to holders of an SNCF rail ticket for the day of visit: € 9
Audioguides = € 6
Disabled access: The exhibition is accessible to disabled and wheelchair visitors.
Grimaldi Forum Ticket Office
Tél. +377 99 99 3000 – Fax +377 99 99 3001 – E-mail : online ticket office
[email protected] and FNAC outlets.
Exhibition catalogue : Format 24 x 28 cm. Texts in French and English.
Retail price softbound edition: € 29,95 Date of publication: July 2019. Publisher: HAZAN